A comprehensive dental exam will be performed by your dentist at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up examinations, your dentist will include the following:
- Examination of diagnostic X-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumours, cysts and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
- Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
- Gum disease evaluation: Check the gums and bone around the teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
- Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with special dental instruments.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
Professional Dental Cleaning
Professional dental cleaning (dental prophylaxis) is performed to accurately assess your teeth, existing restorations and gums, and facilitate correct diagnosis and further treatment plans. Your cleaning appointment will include a dental exam and the following:
- Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
- Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease.
- Teeth polishing: Removal of stains and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling
- Topical fluoride to strengthen teeth and reduce bacterial count
- Gum disease evaluation for any signs of gingivitis or periodontal disease